Duanwu Festival/ Dragon boat festival/ Dragon Boat
5. Dragon Boat Race
Chinese New Year, Dragon Boat Festival and Moon Festival ranked as the most important events in Taiwan. On fifth days of fifth months in lunar year, Dragon Boat Festival occurs with competitive dragon boat races, traditional delicious Tzung Tzu, and other activities. All are for memorizing a patriotism poet or preparing for incoming pathogenic weather.
Dragon Boat Festival can trace back to several stories. The most reliable one is for memorizing patriotism poet called Chu Yuan/Qu Yuan (屈原) who offered brilliant strategies and was envied by others. He was so loyal that he felt deeply frustrated when his lord or empire ignored his suggestion, expelled him and kept damaging his beloved country with undefeatable power. And sorrowfully and ashamedly he tied himself with a giant stone and jumped into the Miluo(汨羅) river. All nations shook and cried for him. They urgently searched on the river but in vain. So all people could do was toss rice mixed with meat into waves, praying fishes and shrimps would gave up the body of for more delicious rice. And his spirits and poems passed down generations.
His last poem reads:
Many a heavy sigh I have in my despair,
Grieving that I was born in such an unlucky time.
I yoked a team of jade dragons to a phoenix chariot,
And waited for the wind to come,
to sour up on my journey
Dragon Boat Race
2. Traditional staple Tzung Tzu
All crews sat in two lines in their dragon boat, long to 40 to 100 feet with colorful mouth-opened vivid dragon’s head at front, scaly body painted on both side and firing tail in curves at the stern. Depending on the length, up to 80 rowers can power the boat up to speed of 20 km/hr. As the bee---sound rose and the crews rowed as hardly as they could with rhythm of drums—bum, bum, bum, bum—straightly forward to the terminal point. Approaching the destination, a flag-catcher bending on the head of dragon boat stretches one’s hand to catch the flag and won the races and cheers.
Tzung Tzu/ zongzi，， traditional staple for Dragon Festival
3. Lucky Eggs
All nations shook and cried for him. They urgently searched on the river but in vain. So all people could do was “toss rice mixed with meat into waves”, praying fishes and shrimps would gave up the body of for more delicious rice.
Through years of evolution, traditional Tzung Tzu, now in Taiwan, is shaped in triangles tied by stings. Makers formed bamboo leaves into tunnel shapes and filled glutinous rice at bottom. Then paved braised pork, peanuts, pickled carrot, egg yolk, lotus seeds or any ingredients family like in the middle and covered it with layers of glutinous rice. Wrapped the upper leave with triangular body, makers tied it tightly with stings and steamed bunches of Tzung Tzus for hours. With flavor of bamboo, soft glutinous rice was tasted wonderfully with ingredients, winning popularity among foreigners. There are even sweet Tzung Tzus in different flavors like sweet red beans.
4. sew fragrant sachets
On the fifth day of the fifth month of the lunar calendar, it becomes burning hot and humid season in Asia so lots of diseases and bacteria begin to active. Therefore, several customs helps to prevent poisons and strengthen health.
1. Drink hsiung huang wine containing good herbs.
2. Carry fragrant sachets to scare away poisonous warms or animal.
3. Hang wormwood or iris at door.
4. Make eggs stood up at noon.